At least 11 oil spills have crippled parts of Trinidad and Tobago, coating miles of beach with crude as the state-owned energy company scrambles to control what is being called one of the country's worst environmental disasters, Jamaica's Observer reports.

Petrotrin, Trinidad's state-owned obeach trinil company, first responded to an oil spill near La Brea on December 17, according to a report from the Trinidad Guardian.

Over the past month, the company has confirmed at least 11 spills and was slapped with a $3.1 million fine from the country's Environmental Management Authority last week, which the company's president, Khalid Hassanali, called "harsh”.

The pipeline responsible for the first of the leaks at Petrotrin's Point-a-Pierre facility, which resulted in an initial spill of more than 7,000 barrels, may not have undergone any inspections for the past 17 years, according to a confidential report commissioned by the company and obtained by the Trinidad Guardian and reported in the Huffington Post.

Of the other 10 leaks, Petrotrin has accused saboteurs of causing at least two while issuing a series of media releases praising what they describe as "significant progress" during clean-up efforts, saying the beaches would be clean one to two weeks after the spill, according to the Huffington Post.

Local officials have accused the company of trying to downplay the extent and size of the spill, the Trinidad Express said. Two former energy ministers also came forward earlier this month, saying Petrotrin did know about the state of its aging infrastructure after a government audit was ordered in 2010.

"There was no question of sabotage, it was all a question of bad operations on the part of Petrotrin," MP Paula Gopee-Scoon is reported in the Huffington Post as saying said. “It was a cover-up from day one.”

Petrotrin has since used the controversial dispersant Corexit 9500 to control the spill, used in record quantities by BP during 2010's Gulf oil spill. Many scientists have said the chemical becomes far more toxic than oil alone when the two are mixed, harming marine life, but Petrotrin's president has defended the use of the dispersant, saying "all the chemicals we are using are approved chemicals and we are using them in the approved manner."

Source: Repeaing Island

For the original report go to

vicPresident Robert Mugabe plans for Victoria Falls to be renamed 'the smoke that thunders' to get rid of its colonial history. The president of Zimbabwe believes Victoria Falls does not reflect its liberation heritage. The waterfall, which is along the Zambezi River at the border of Zimbabwe and Zambia is one of the Seven Wonders of the World.

Locals already refer to the landmark as Mosi Oa Tunya - which means 'the smoke that thunders'. The ruling party, Zanu PF, said the government would be instructed to get rid of all colonial names for towns and schools. Ignatious Chombo, local government minister, said: 'Institutions bearing colonial names must be changed and be given indigenous names... school syllabuses in schools must also change.' mugabe

It was first discovered by Scottish explorer David Livingstone who named it after Queen Victoria. falls vicotira

Jabulani Sibanda, leader of Zimbabwe’s vocal war veterans, supported the move. 

He said: 'David Livingstone was not the first person to see the VictoriaFalls, they (the falls) must be rebranded Mosi Oa Tunya. How can we have our barracks continue to be named after a foreign king?' 

President Mugabe’s party came to power in 1980 and changed names of some cities and towns such as Harare.

However, a number of institutions and roads still have their colonial names. Victoria Falls is known as the greatest curtain of falling water in the world.

 Columns of spray can be seen from miles away as and at the height of the rainy season, more than five hundred million cubic meters of water per minute plummet over the edge of Victoria Falls, over a width of nearly two kilometers, into a gorge over one hundred meters below.

 The wide, basalt cliff over which the falls thunder, transforms the Zambezi from a placid river into a ferocious torrent cutting through a series of dramatic gorges.


Photo: Zimbabwe's President Robert Mugabe

Original article:

brazil cupBrazil — Foreign and Brazilian tourists are expected to spend $10.4 billion during next year's World Cup, more than the public funds invested for staging the event, the Brazilian tourism board said Friday.

"These are important resources which fuel economic sectors of all Brazilian regions, from aviation to the informal economy," said Flavio Dino, president of state tourism board Embratur, in a statement titled "Mega-events are worth it."

He recalled that the Confederations Cup, a 15-day dry run last June for the World Cup, injected $311 million in the Brazilian economy.

It was staged in the middle of massive nation-wide street protests in which hundreds of thousands of Brazilians demanded a better quality of life, an end to corruption and railed against the high cost of staging the World Cup and the 2016 Rio Summer Olympics.

A month later, World Youth Day, a major Catholic youth fest held in the presence of Pope Francis in Rio, injected another $502 million into the economy.

And Dino said that even if revenues do not totally cover investments for major events, it was important to note that one out of three reals invested by the federal government for the World Cup is disbursed to upgrade urban mobility projects in major cities.

He added that apart from immediate gains, events like the World Cup and World Youth Day give Brazil a visibility that would normally take "decades" to obtain.

"Some see major events as gobbling up resources that could be allocated to public services. I prefer to see them as a big gamble on a new development project which obviously encompasses an urgent modernization of public services," the Embratur chief said.

Source: AFP, ETurboNews

AFAMCOCSan Francisco – After several years of advocating for African Americans to have an equal opportunity to benefit from San Francisco’s lucrative tourism and hospitality industry, the San Francisco African American Chamber of Commerce (SFAACC) is calling a national boycott against San Francisco’s tourism and hospitality industry, beginning January 1, 2014. SFAACC is demanding the City of San Francisco (1) conduct hearings into the discriminatory practices and lack of representation of African Americans in the hospitality industry, and (2) redirect 5% of the Tourism Improvement District (TID) fund into nonprofit organizations that will recruit, train and place African Americans into hospitality industry jobs, and (3) direct tourism spending into African American neighborhoods and businesses.

In recent months the SFAACC has met with and written the San Francisco Human Rights Commission, the Board of Supervisors and the Mayor regarding the exclusion of African Americans in the tourism and hospitality industry. With approximately $8 billion in annual tourist spending flowing into the City, the amount that flows into San Francisco’s African American community is infinitesimal.

SFAACC asserts that African American neighborhoods are seldom promoted by the San Francisco Travel Association (SFTA) and African American businesses are often refused contract opportunities. In fact, a recent video by SFTA to promote San Francisco to the world and draw tourism to the City, did not include any African American or Latino images or destinations. The issue is exacerbated by the lack of African Americans employed in the industry, despite the efforts of Unite Here Local 2’s efforts to push hotels for greater diversity in hiring with a Memorandum of Understanding they created for the City’s hotels.

In an effort to resolve the disparities, SFAACC met with Theresa Sparks, Director of the Human Rights Commission (HRC), to express concerns regarding the tourism industry in general and the SFTA in particular. Ms. Sparks offered HRC as a “mediator” and agreed to meet separately with Mike Casey, president of Unite Here Local 2 and Joe D’Alessandro, President and CEO of SFTA, to discuss SFAACC’s concerns. In her report to the SFAACC, she apparently provided misleading statements. According to Mike Casey, he denies telling Sparks that “He is not aware of any overt discrimination” in San Francisco’s hospitality industry, and considers that statement a misrepresentation of their meeting. Ms. Sparks also failed to address the major issues and concerns of the SFAACC in her meeting with Mr. D’Alessandro.

Community outreach, Jobs, job training, contract opportunities and economic development were apparently not on the agenda and not discussed. Fred Jordan, president of the SFAACC stated, “It’s apparent that the African American community in San Francisco has no advocates in the public sector regarding this issue. No one seems to want to confront one of the most blatant and visible forms of discrimination affecting African Americans in San Francisco – being shut out of San Francisco’s number one industry, tourism.”

The repercussions from this discrimination has been staggering. Some of the disturbing facts include:

• The median income of African American households in San Francisco is $30,840, just 35% of the median white household at $89,140.00.
• The African American population in San Francisco has dropped from 13.4% in 1970 to less than 4% today – the worst percentage decline of any major American city.
• 50% of African American children do not graduate from San Francisco high schools.
• Although less than 4% of the general population, African Americans make up 54% of San Francisco’s jail population.
• The life expectancy of African Americans living in San Francisco’s Bayview district is 14 years less than residents of Russian Hill or Pacific Heights.
• The African American unemployment rate in San Francisco is more than three times that of whites. The unemployment rate for 16 to 24 year olds is in the 40-45% range.

joe5The city’s failure to genuinely address these issues is further reflected in the lack of action by the HRC to implement any of the recommended next steps outlined in the City’s Report of the San Francisco Mayor’s Task Force on African-American Out-Migration published in 2009, or in its Comparative Review And Analysis Of Equity And Diversity reports by the San Francisco Human Rights Commission released November, 2011. Among the recommendations of this report was the following:

Establish an African-American economic development district in the city to serve as the center of a new tourism area that will attract tourists in the same way as a Chinatown, Fisherman's Wharf or other locations central to the tourism economy.

Since 1993, the City and County has conducted numerous studies with recommendations on how to support the economic growth of the African American community and slow the out-migration of African Americans from the City. To date, none have been implemented and HRC has paid little more than lip service with special events and recognition ceremonies of community leaders. Jordan states, “We’ve had enough of the studies and reports that acknowledge the problems, but do absolutely nothing to help solve them. SFTA’s biased behavior and City Hall’s attitude of benign neglect has allowed this situation to deteriorate to the point where we have no alternative but to call for a boycott of San Francisco.”
Phase One, begins January 1, 2014 and will include requesting all African American associations and organizations to not bring any of their meetings, conventions or conferences to San Francisco.
Phase Two, begins February 1, and includes requesting educational organizations to not bring any of their meetings or conventions to San Francisco.

Phase Three, begins March 1, and includes informing legal and medical organizations of our boycott and request that they take their meeting and convention business elsewhere.

SFAACC also plans to hold peaceful demonstrations outside all major conferences in and around Moscone Center to bring national and global awareness to the discrimination taking place in San Francisco.

Origianl source:

Photo: Joe D’Alessandro, President and CEO of San Francisco Travel Association ( Photo credit: Jason Gutierrez, Business Class Publication)

charles-campbell-head-shotThe National Gallery of Jamaica announced the appointment of its new Chief Curator, Mr. Charles Campbell, a Jamaican-born multidisciplinary artist, writer and curator, who has been based in Canada, England and Jamaica. Mr. Campbell will take up office on January 13, 2014.  Executive Director Veerle Poupeye commented that “Charles Campbell is a well-respected, thoughtful and principled critical voice in the Caribbean art world, with a sound grasp of the region’s art history and the critical issues [. . .].”

Charles Campbell holds an MA in fine art from Goldsmiths College University of London and a BFA from Concordia University, Montreal. Campbell is a passionate and outspoken advocate of Jamaican and Caribbean contemporary art and has experience mounting exhibitions and running arts education programs for non‐profits in Canada and England. He has also been attached to the visual arts programme of the MultiCare Foundation, a local non-profit for inner-city development. Campbell has worked as an arts writer and editor for the Gleaner and Jamaica Herald and is a regular contributor to ARC Magazine, a Caribbean arts journal. His most recent publication is a review of the 2012 National Biennial, which appeared in Jamaica Journal 34/3. As an artist he has represented Jamaica and Canada in events such as Infinite Islands: Contemporary Caribbean Art, at the Brooklyn Museum in 2007; the 2009 Havana Biennial; and Wrestling with the Image: Caribbean Interventions, held at the Art Museum of the Americas in 2011.

As Chief Curator, Campbell will focus on developing the National Gallery’s exhibitions programme. This will include a special exhibition to commemorate the National Gallery’s 40th anniversary, the expansion of the Biennial exhibition, and the establishment of a specially designated project space to exhibit smaller artists’ projects. Two of Campbell’s priorities will be to deepen the National Gallery’s connections to the Caribbean region and its Diaspora and to increase local engagement. “It’s an exciting moment for Caribbean art as artists throughout the region are discovering new commonalities and striding confidently into global arts arenas. As the English-speaking Caribbean’s oldest and largest National Gallery, we have a key role to play in developing and strengthening these networks,” says Campbell. [. . .]

Source: Repeating Islands

For full article, see

le reunionDecember 20 is a holiday in the island of La Reunion. It commemorates the proclamation of the abolition of slavery by Sarda Garriga on December 20, 1848. Often called “Birthday Party * kaf" in Creole, this event is celebrated by the population of Reunion every year since the 1980s.

December 20 is a historic date at which the abolition of slavery was proclaimed on the island of La Reunion. This day is a major event in the cultural life of Reunion where many events are held throughout the island, including Kabars. These local dances then make a musical tribute to ancestors on the rhythms of Sega and maloya-inherited music of slave songs.

This day is an opportunity for all islanders from a unique ethnic and cultural diversity to come together in a unique moment of sharing. The festivities of December 20 are a highlight for the population of Reunion, which conducts an annual commemoration of a common history.

For more information, visit .


Source: ETurbo News

dr-julius-garveyDuring a visit to United Kingdom (UK) on a five-day tour of London, Birmingham, Manchester and Nottingham, as part of the Black History Month celebrations across Britain, Dr. Julius Garvey, son of Jamaica’s first National Hero, the Rt. Excellent Marcus Mosiah Garvey, called for greater unity among Afro-Caribbean nationals at home and abroad, saying that, “To a certain extent, we lost our identity and we lost our unity as a people…and this is what he [Marcus Garvey] tried to bring back to us as a people. His father was a pioneering Black Rights activist and one of the founders of the ‘Back to Africa’ movement.

Emphasising the need to return to “belief systems and principles that go back to the beginning of history,” Dr. Garvey urged people of African descent to think internationally and not follow a history created for them by someone else.

Dr. Garvey said that Afro-Caribbean nationals need to return to Marcus Garvey’s Pan-African principles and values, and that Black History Month alone will not awaken the history and identity of black people in Britain and around the world.

He lamented that much of the African legacy and values has been lost or distorted and as a free people there is a need to fight for social and economic freedom. He added that black people need to read and write their own history, rather than using that which has been manufactured by others.

Meanwhile, High Commissioner to the United Kingdom, Her Excellency Aloun N’dombet Assamba, praised Dr. Garvey for continuing along the path that his father blazed almost 100 years ago.

“Marcus Garvey was a powerful orator who rallied hundreds of thousands of people in Jamaica and across the world in his quest to deal with discrimination and injustice, and build black economic power. He did so at a time when there was no internet, no telephone, and no modern communications. Imagine the impact he would have had today,” High Commissioner Assamba said.

Source: Repeating Islands

For original post, see

Dr. O. B. AliuA Nigerian, Dr. Olumuyiwa Babatunde Aliu has been elected President of the International Civil Aviation Organisation (ICAO), the umbrella world body for Aviation safety. The election makes him the very first black man ever to head the world body. He was elected on Novermber 18, 2013 at the 38th Assembly of the organisation in Montreal, Canada by an assembly consisting of 172 countries.  

Aliu received full support from the Federal Government and Nigerians both at home and in Diaspora as the Minister of Aviation Stella Oduah led the Nigerian delegation to drum up support for the accomplished veteran who has built invaluable goodwill among ICAO member countries’ representatives.

Aliu’s election also confirms the recognition of the increasing strength of the Nigerian aviation industry and the Honourable Minister’s campaign for his election as President of ICAO Council showed that he is also receiving full support from his home country. 

The Minister, while in Canada last month also paid a courtesy call on the out-going President of the Council in his office as part of the strategy to secure his continuous support for Nigeria and also hosted several bilateral meetings with delegates of United States, the European Union and several others.

Accompanied by Director Generals and CEOs of Nigerian aviation agencies, the Minister garnered support and pledges from many countries and regional groups, as well as international aviation stakeholders, such as Airport Council International (ACI), and the International Air Transport Association (IATA). There was also a robust exchange of ideas on initiatives and programmes for the development of the aviation industry in Nigeria.

The 36 members of the ICAO Council constituted the Electoral College for the election of the President of the Council. Nigeria joined ICAO in 1960 and was elected into the Council of ICAO in 1962 as a Part II member State and the country has since remained on the Council and has continued to promote the interest of Nigeria and Africa on the Council as well as contribute to the sustainable development and growth of civil aviation in the region

By this election, Nigeria has become the first African country to produce the President of ICAO Council. Through this position, Nigeria can exert influence in international aviation community for the benefit of the country’s aviation industry and the national economy. The Permanent Secretary of the Ministry of Aviation, Mr George Ossi, congratulated the President of Nigeria, the Honnourable Minister of Aviation and the entire people of Nigeria on this historic election.

Original Source: African Travel Quarterly

NEW YORK, New York – In the ongoing celebration of the country’s 45th Anniversary of their Independence from Spain, South African Arts International recently announced that Mrs. Constancia Mangue Nsue de Obiang, First Lady of the Republic of Equatorial Guinea has been proclaimed “Mother Africa”.

“This covenant acclamation has been previously awarded to Mrs. Winni Mandela for her efforts in South Africa and the impact she rightfully exhorts worldwide”, said Victor Mooney founder and executive director of New York based South African Arts International, Lequatorialtd.

“The First Lady of Equatorial Guinea is the epitome of perfection”, Mr. Mooney added.

Mrs. Constancia Mangue Nsue de Obiang, wife of President Obiang Nguema Mbasogo, social activities have made her a fundamental figure for the evolution of women and girls of Equatorial Guinea. The First Lady was recently presented with the Millennium Development Goals 2013 Women’s Progress award in New York recently.

She was born in 1952 in the town of Angong, near Mongomo, and studied in the school run by nuns in Bata. In 1985 she created the Equatorial Guinean Child Aid Committee (Canige), a non-governmental, apolitical and non-profit institution of which she is Honorary Chairwoman and through which she has carried out innumerable social works. For years she has personally been in charge of seeing that many children with especially complicated clinical cases receive medical attention even outside the country. The Canige also dedicates special attention to the fight against juvenile delinquency and has promoted the creation of the teaching centers of María Jesús Oyarregui (in memory of the mother superior of the St. Theresa’s convent where the First Lady studied), and the Nana Mangue of Malabo.

The First Lady of Equatorial Guinea also belongs to the National Committee of the Fight against AIDS, is honorary Vice Chairman of the Association for National Solidarity for the Disabled (Assonam) and holds similar positions in different social associations of Africa, such as Mission for Peace of the First Ladies of Central Africa. She has participated in numerous international meetings on women’s rights and the fight to improve with rights of the most vulnerable layers of society and was elected Doctor Honoris Causa by the Inter-American University of Humanistic Sciences of Buenos Aires. Mrs. Obiang is a graduate of the Martin Luther King University School of Teacher Training.

The Republic of Equatorial Guinea (República de Guinea Ecuatorial) is the only Spanish-speaking country in Africa, and one of the smallest nations on the continent. In the late-1990s, American companies helped discover the country's oil and natural gas resources, which only within the last five years began contributing to the global energy supply. Equatorial Guinea is now working to serve as a pillar of stability and security in its region of West Central Africa.


Original source:

Mystery-RiverENUGU — A healing mystery stream has surprisingly appeared in Nachi community in Udi Local Government Area of Enugu State, almost 42 years after it allegedly surfaced and disappeared in the same place.

The  miracle stream, as it is now fondly called by millions of Nigerians, both young and old, especially sick ones and their relations, surfaced and disappeared in 1972 and reappeared this time around in the area about two weeks ago.

The mystery stream

The stream is about 4km away from the old Oji River/Onitsha road. According to reports, the stream, which has continued to attract healing seekers, was first noticed by a Fulani herdsman who went to the area to feed his cattle, and suddenly saw water gushing out from a sandy farm land close to where he was standing.

According to a source, before the Fulani man could turn his back, the entire area had water about five feet deep.The Fulani herdsman was said to have alerted some farmers in the community about what he saw. They went to see things for themselves, after which they took the news to the traditional ruler of the community, His Royal Highness Igwe Onuigbo, Obi (11) of Nachi.

A visit to the wonder stream, Tuesday, showed that the community had turned it into a pilgrimage centre with the development, opening up  windows of business for the people, especially plastic container sellers, food vendors, commercial motorcyclists and vehicle operators as they now make brisk businesses.

Healing testimonies

Meanwhile, there had been scores of alleged healing testimonies from sick people who  either swam in or drank from the stream.  According to reports, dozens of people, young and old including security operatives were seen fetching the water just as many were taking their bath in the stagnated stream, believing it would cure ailments.

Some people  said to have been taken to the stream last Saturday with crutches and other supporting devices, were said to have gone home rejoicing after dipping themselves in the stream.

One Mr. Cyril  Eneh, a civil servant, shortly after coming out of the water was quoted as saying: “Indeed, this is a miraculous water, people with different sicknesses have been coming here to receive their healing. And I also have the faith and strong belief that God Almighty, who provided this water will use it to tackle every health challenge in my life.”

Also speaking, an octogenarian and community leader in Nachi, Mr. Festus Udeh, said the stream surfaces and disappears every 20 to 30 years, adding that it forbids evil things. He said any evil doer that goes to the stream might run into serious problem.

Source: African Travel Quarterly


Iarikairn October 30, 2006, we started this important journey of changing the face of air travel in Nigeria and across West Africa. 

We made a promise to make travel with us safe, comfortable and reliable by employing the most modem equipment manned by highly trained and experienced crew. We launched our domestic operations using brand new, state-of-the-art, Bombardier CRJ900 aircraft we were, in fact, the Canadian based manufacturer's African launch customer for this aircraft type. Though it seems like only yesterday, we are glad to announce that your airline is now 7 years old. Seven years down the line, 

we look back with humility at the distance travelled and gather ourselves for the journey ahead towards our goal of becoming Africa's premier airline. For the here and now, however, any success achieved must be rightly ascribed to your unwavering loyalty and support. From the depth of our heart, we say a very big thank you. Thank you for believing in us; thank you for demanding better from us; and thank you for challenging us (daily) to reach greater heights.

As we celebrate our 7th anniversary as an airline (and your number one choice for travel within Nigeria, Africa and across our intercontinental network) we want to renew our commitment to providing you a safe, comfortable and reliable airline of which you can be truly proud.

We will continue with our tradition of deploying state of the art equipment. We are proud to say that today; we remain the only Nigerian airline operating new, modern aircraft with Next Generation (NG) leading-edge design and technology. Our fleet of 25 aircraft (2 Airbus A340-500, 2 Airbus A330-200, 4 Boeing 737-800NG, 9 Boeing 737-700NG, 4 Bombardier CRJ900, 2 Bombardier Q400 and 2 Hawker 800XP Executive Jets) currently enjoys an average age of 6.5 years only.

World Class Maintenance The above notwithstanding, a modern fleet is, in the final analysis, only ever as good as both the maintenance service provider and governing maintenance programme. To this end, we have been resolute in our determination to marry our world-class fleet together with equally world-leading maintenance service providers such as Lufthansa Technik, Lufthansa Cityline, Iberia Engineering and Samco Engineering. These "full service, in-country" relationships have been secured under long-term contracts thus reaffirming our commitment to your continued travel safety.

Our safety record is as a result of our fastidious adherence to standards set by the Nigerian Civil Aviation Authority (NCAA) and the International Civil Aviation Organisation (ICAO).

Currently, Arik Air is the only Nigerian airline registered under the auspice of the "International Air Transport Association (lATA) Operational Safety Audit" (IOSA for short). "IOSA" is the benchmark for global safety management in airlines and is the primary prerequisite for membership of lATA. Arik Air has been (and remains) a fully-fledged member of lATA since 2011.

 Our renewed focus is on the introduction and deployment of technologies that will not only increase your in-flight travel comfort but will also avail you of more convenient avenues by which to book flights, get updates on your travel, contact us and check-in for your scheduled travel. For instance:

 Arik Air's new-look website ( provides a safe and simplified booking system with check-in online facilities. While
our mobile site ( offers moden travelers the ability to search, select, book and pay for our services whilst on the move.Arik Air's mobile app is the next step in Arik's mobile technology evolution and will be available to all our guests as from
December 2013.

These, and many more services to come (such as our soon to be re-launched loyalty program), underscore our commitment
to deliver you a world-class travel experience built on our core values of safety, reliability, comfort and convenience.Your abiding faith in our operations is what has kept us going these past seven years and we cannot but thank you for this.
We implore you to keep supporting us with your patronage and loyalty. Together we can make Arik Air not only the pride of our great country Nigeria but also of Africa and, ultimately, the World at large.




Dr. Michael Arumemi-Ikhide is President /Chief Executive Officer at Arik Air International Ltd.

Arik International provides logistical business support and management consultancy services to Arik Air Limited (Nigeria). Dr Michael Arumemi-Ikhide, who has served as the airline’s executive director, set up Arik International (headquartered in London, UK) in April 2007.


Source: African Travel Quarterly

obamaUS President Barack Obama was among over 90 top leaders from around the globe who attended the memorial service of the late great Nelson Mandela.  About 100, 000 mourners attended the service in the World Cup soccer stadium where the anti-apartheid hero made his last public appearance.

Leaders who attended the services included:

Afghanistan: His Excellency Hamid Karzai, President
African Union Commission: Her Excellency Dr Nkosazana Dlamini-Zuma, Chairperson
Algeria: His Excellency Mr Abdelkader Bensalah, Speaker of the Council of the Nation (Senate) – rank above the Prime Minister
Angola: His Excellency Mr Manuel Vicente, Vice President
Arab States League: His Excellency Amb Samir Hosny, Minister
Argentina: Mr Amado Boudou, Acting President of Argentina
Australia: His Excellency Mr Tony Abbott, MP, Prime Minister
Bahamas: Right Honourable Perry Christie, Prime Minister
Bangladesh: His Excellency Mr Abdul Hamid, President
Belgium: His Royal Highness King Philippe
Benin: His Excellency Boni Yayi, President
Botswana: His Excellency Lt Gen. Seretse Khama Ian Khama, President
Brazil: Her Excellency Dilma Rousseff, President
Burundi: His Excellency Pierre Nkurunziza, President
Canada: His Excellency Stephen Harper, Prime Minister
Chad: His Excellency Mr Idriss Déby Itno, President
China: His Excellency Li Yuanchao, Vice President
Commonwealth of Nations: His Excellency, Mr Kamalesh Sharma
Comores: His Excellency Ikililou Dhoinine, President
Congo (Republic of the Congo): His Excellency Mr Denis Sassou-Nguesso, President
Congo (Democratic Republic of Congo): His Excellency Joseph Kabila, President
Côte d'Ivoire: His Excellency President Allassane Ouattara, President
Croatia: His Excellency Ivo Josipović, President
Cuba: His Excellency Raúl Castro Ruz, President
Denmark: His Royal Highness, Crown Prince Federick
Djibouti: His Excellency Ismaïl Omar Guelleh, President
Ethiopia: His Excellency Ato Hailemariam Desalegn, Prime Minister
Equatorial Guinea: His Excellency Mr Teodoro Nguema Obiang Mbasogo, President
European Council: His Excellency Mr Herman van Rompuy, President
France: His Excellency, François Holland, President
Finland: His Excellency Sauli Väinämö Niinistö, President
obaGhana: His Excellency John Dramani Mahama, President
Guyana: His Excellency Donald Ramotar, President
Gabon: His Excellency Ali Bongo Ondimba, President
Germany: His Excellency Joachim Gauck, President
Grand Duchy of Luxembourg: His Royal Highness Henry of Luxembourg, The Grand Duke
Guinea: His Excellency Prof Alpha Condé, President
India: His Excellency Pranab Mukherjee, President
Ireland: His Excellency Michael D Higgins, President
Italy: His Excellency Enrico Letta, Prime Minister
Japan: His Imperial Highness, Crown Prince Naruhito
Jamaica: Her Excellency, Portia Simpson Miller, Prime Minister
Jordan: Her Royal Highness, Queen Rania Al Abdullah and His Excellency Prime Minister Dr Abdullah Ensou
Kenya: His Excellency Uhuru Kenyatta, President
Korea (South): His Excellency Hongwon Chung, Prime Minister
Lebanon: His Excellency Mr Najib Mikati, Prime Minister
Lesotho: His Excellency, Thomas Thabane, Prime Minister
Liberia: Her Excellency Ellen Johnson Sirleaf, President
Mauritania: His Excellency Mohamed Ould Abdel Aziz, President
Mauritius: His Excellency Dr the Honourable Navinchandra Ramgoolam, Prime Minister
Malawi: Her Excellency Joyce Banda, President
Mexico: His Excellency Enrique Peña Nieto, President
Mozambique: His Excellency Armando Emílio Guebuza, President
Namibia: His Excellency Hifikepunye Pohamba, President
New Zealand: Right Hon John Key, Prime Minister
Niger: His Excellency Mahamadou Issoufou, President
Nigeria: His Excellency Goodluck Jonathan, President
Norway: His Royal Highness Haakon, Crown Prince of Norway
Pakistan: His Excellency Mr Mamnoon Hussain, President
Palestinian State: His Excellency Mahmoud Abbas, President
Portugal: His Excellency, Aníbal Cavaco Silva, President
Sahrawi Republic: His Excellency Mr Mohamed Abdelaziz, President
Saudi Arabia: His Royal Highness Prince Muqrin bin Abdulaziz Al-Saud, Crown Prince
Senegal: His Excellency Macky Sall, President
Serbia: His Excellency Tomislav Nikolić, President
Seychelles: His Excellency Mr James Alix Michel
Slovenia: His Excellency Borut Pahor, President
South Sudan: His Excellency General Salva Kiir Mayardi, President
Spain: His Royal Highness Felipe de Borbón, The Prince of Asturias
Sri Lanka: His Excellency Mahinda Rajapaksa, President
Suriname: His Excellency Desiré Delano Bouterse, President
Swaziland: His Excellency Dr Sibusiso Dlamini, Prime Minister
Sweden: Her Royal Highness Princess Victoria, and Fredrik Reinfeldt
Prime Minister
Switzerland: His Excellency Mr Ulrich Maurer, President
Tanzania: His Excellency Dr Jakaya Mrisho Kikwete, President
The Gambia: His Excellency Prof Alhaji Dr Yahya AJJ Jammeh, President Sheikh
Timor-Leste: His Excellency Kay Rala Xanana, Prime Minister
Trinidad and Tobago: Her Excellency Mrs Kamla Persad-Bissessar, Prime Minister
Tunisia: His Excellency Mohamed Moncef Marzouki, President
Uganda: His Excellency Yoweri Museveni, President
United Arab Emirates: His Excellency Sheikh Nahyan bin Mubarak Al Nahyan, Minister of Culture – Special Envoy of the Emir
United Kingdom: His Royal Highness Prince Charles, Prince of Wales and Prime Minister David Cameron
United States of America: His Excellency Barack Obama, President
Venezuela: His Excellency Nicolás Maduro Moros, President
Zambia: His Excellency Michael Sata, President
Zimbabwe: His Excellency Robert Gabriel Mugabe, President


Source: Africa Travel Quarterly



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