Parveen Chopra of The South Asian Times writes that Dreadlocks Story is a documentary that explores how the matted hair lock of Rastas in Jamaica and Sadhus in India is a sacred covenant and a way to bond, to addresses freedom and misunderstandings and to promote a powerful state of mind outside the mainstream.

dreadsNew York: When I met Linda Aïnouche early this year, she was still trying to raise money to complete her documentary titledDreadlocks Story. But such has been her determination and focus that the independent filmmaker has managed to complete the film. To be released shortly, it is having its Dutch premiere in Amsterdam on November 1, 2014, in Rootical Vibrations, a cultural event that offers the Rasta experience through film, music and food, attended by her via Skype.

The 90-mintue labor of love, written and directed by Linda Aïnouche, reveals the hidden spiritual links between Jamaican Rastas and Indian sadhus. Dreadlocks Story opens up the history of Rastas. It goes into the history of the now smirked upon dreadlocks hairstyle and the roots of the Rastafari culture, which is entangled with the Hindu tradition in Jamaica.

The documentary was shot in France, India, Jamaica and the US with four different languages (French, Hindi, Jamaican Patois and English). It draws upon a part of Jamaican and Indian history. Linda has a PhD degree and is an expert on Jainism, having lived for long with Jains in India.

There are many misconceptions and judgments about the Rasta way of life, but few have taken the trouble to understand the why of what they do, says Linda in her statement about the film. “Hairstyle is the most universal and unavoidable form of body art. It is also one of the most interesting and commonly misunderstood. How and why can it be subject to prejudice and massacre?” she asks. Similarly, for Rastas, as for Indian sadhus, smoking cannabis (ganja) is a spiritual act, to open the gates of higher consciousness.

The Rasta movement began as slavery progressed. Rastafari pledges a response to African descendants to recover and rebuild their culture suppressed by brutal, stultifying European domination. In this context, it is an attempt for the survival of African culture and an upfront anti-slavery, anti-colonial and anti-imperialist struggle.

British colonists ruled in Jamaica until 1962 and in India until 1947. Slavery ended in Jamaica in 1838 and Indian workers were brought to the island from 1845 to 1917. Both Afro-Jamaicans and Indians were kidnapped and sent to work on sugar and banana plantations throughout Jamaica where they forged warm relationships through their shared oppressive hardships. The history of Indian indigent workers in Jamaica reminds us that enslaved people have not come only from Africa.

What is the unique way of life arising from the cross-cultural mixing between the sons of African slaves, as well as African and Indian forced workers “under contracts” in the plantations?

Leonard Percival Howell, known as the First Rasta was the pioneer who spoke about Rastafari (1932). He empowered and promoted the belief that everyone is divine and equal through the figure of the Emperor Haile Selassie I of Ethiopia. His first followers were mainly very poor, persecuted people. Jailed for two years by the colonial government, Howell wrote a pamphlet (1935) under a Hindu pen name, which showed commonalities between the lifestyles of Rastas in Jamaica and Hindu holy men in India.

In 1939, Howell became the first black man to purchase a piece of land called Pinnacle where he implanted a free, self-reliant community for his followers. Incessant persecutions followed for him and the Rastas. Pinnacle was destroyed by the colonists in 1958. The destruction of this autonomous society caused an exodus of Rastas throughout Jamaica. To wear dreadlocks became a mean of defiance and a blanket of protection against the Establishment.

ks are not confined to Jamaica but fly throughout the Caribbean and their diasporas. Although, since Jamaica’s independence in 1962, some accommodation has been made towards Rastas, this minority community’s struggle against prejudice and discrimination continues.

For her documentary, richly illustrated with archival material, stills and videos, Linda has interviewed experts such as Hélène Lee, author of The First Rasta (1999, 2005), Verene Shepherd, Social History Professor at the University of the West Indies, Jamaica; and Professor Ajai Mansingh and Laxmi Mansingh, pioneer researchers of the Indian presence in Jamaica. She has also tried to elicit responses from Rasta men and women from different generations on how they see dreadlocks, how they regard Hindu influences on Rastafari history.

Finally, Linda asks, “Who knows if without Indians, Bob Marley would have met the same success?!”

For the original article, go to

Source: Repeating Islands

alainIt is becoming more and more evident that Seychelles is undergoing a Cultural Revolution of its own. This statement was again echoed by Joseph Sinon, the popular artist comedian during the big open air musical show of Festival Kreol 2014 that was held at Au Cap during the festival's 'Dimans Kreol Borlanmer' (Creole picnic). This same statement has previously been aired by veteran artist Jean Marc Volcy and agin by different other artists during the last 15th August Celebrations on La Digue.
Thousands of Seychellois and tourists gathered at Au Cap in what was clearly the biggest group ever assembled for Festival Kreol 2014, and when Alain St.Ange, the Seychelles Minister responsible for Tourism and Culture accompanied by Benjamine Rose, his PS for Culture were called on stage late in the afternoon of Sunday as the musical show was at its peak, Joseph Sinon reflected over the loud speakers that Seychelles was living a cultural revolution. "Never before have we musicians and entertainers seen such a cultural revolution and this has happened ever since Minister Alain St.Ange became the Minister responsible for Culture" Mr Joseph Sinon said.
He asked everyone to applaud Minister St.Ange to thank him for his commitment for the development of culture in Seychelles.
When he addressed the large group of revelers Minister St.Ange said that the Government of Seychelles remains committed to place culture in all its form at the centre of the development of the country. He asked the thousands present if they wanted the annual Festival Kreol to which the crowd screamed "yes." He said that some people are questioning why does Seychelles host events, whilst others ask why was Seychelles putting so much effort in continuing to develop sports such as football. Minister St.Ange said that it was the duty of the Government to look at the needs and and after the aspirations of the people and he said: "If I go forward based on the number of people present at Au Cap today we can say that we are on the right tract. The proof of the pudding is in the eating and today Seychelles is sending a very clear message that they want their Festival Kreol, and today I confirm to you all that the Government will stand by you" Minister St.Ange said to loud applause.
The Minister spoke about the need for everyone to embrace their Creole Culture and to show that they are not ashamed to be a Creole. He spoke about the need to see our country's culture showcased 365 days of the year with hotels being encouraged to serve Seychellois Creole meals, provide entertainment that showcases local music and dancing and that more of the creative artists should be invited to get their works of art into our tourism facilities.
When he ended his address Minister Alain St.Ange and PS Benjamine Rose were invited to join the large crowd who were screaming for them to stand with them. They both surprised everyone by jumping into the crowd from the stage and were greeted with loud applause.

Africas-Largest-Boeing-aircraft-order-by-EthiopianEthiopian is pleased to announce that it has finalized preparations to start flights to Dublin and Los Angeles starting from June 2015.

Ethiopian flights to Dublin and Los Angeles will be operated three times a week with the ultra- modern Boeing 787 Dreamliner, which offers unparalleled on-board comfort to passengers. The flights will be the only direct service connecting Africa with Ireland and the West Coast of the United States.

Travelers from Los Angeles and Ireland will be able to enjoy seamless and Convenient connectivity options thanks to Ethiopian extensive network in Africa covering 49 destinations.  Similarly, as the flights will be the only direct service between Dublin and Los Angeles, the Irish and U.S. travelling public between the two cities will greatly benefit from the opening of the routes.

“Our new flights connecting Addis Ababa, Dublin and Los Angeles will play a critical role in the expansion of trade, tourism investment between the fast growing continent of Africa, and the United States and Ireland. As the these flights will be the first and only direct air route linking Africa with Ireland and the West Coat of the U.S., they will bring these two seemingly far away cities much closer to Africa and will facilitate mobility and connectivity for businesses and the large African Diaspora community living in the West Coast of the United States.

In line with our Vision 2025 strategic roadmap, we are expanding our network and deploying the most technologically advanced aircraft as part of our commitment to our customers to provide them the best possible travel experience and connectivity options. Our flights to Dublin and Los Angeles will be operated with the B787 Dreamliner, which offers unmatched on-board comfort especially for such a very long haul route with its unique features such as greatly reduced noise, higher cabin air humidity, biggest windows in the sky and spacious cabin interior.” Said CEO of Ethiopian Airlines Group, Tewolde Gebremariam.

With the addition of Dublin, the airline’s 11th European city and Los Angeles, its 4th point in the Americas, Ethiopian international network will cover 85 destinations across 5 continents.

Ethiopian is a Pan-African global carrier voted by passengers as the Best in Africa for two years in a row by Passenger Choice Awards, the most comprehensive survey in the industry. The airline operates the youngest fleet in the continent with an average of less than 7 years and currently serves 83 international destinations across 5 continents with over 200 daily departures.

Original Source Report:

Resting on the ocean floor, towering nearly 17-feet-tall, kneels a young Bahamian girl supporting the ceiling of the water on her shoulders. “Ocean Atlas” is the most recent work by underwater sculpture artist Jason deCaires Taylor, installed earlier this month off the western coastline of New Providence in Nassau, Bahamas. The work alludes to Atlas, the Titan of Greek mythology whose eternal punishment of holding the world on his back has inspired artistic renditions for centuries. Created with a high-density, pH-neutral marine cement engineered to last for hundreds of years, “Ocean Atlas” also serves as an artificial reef to foster local marine life.

Weighing 60 tons, “Ocean Atlas” is the largest single sculpture to reside underwater, according to Taylor. A local student named Camilla served as the model for the colossal girl, who gazes serenely at her surroundings, her head resting sideways on one bent knee, further propped up by her arm. During low tide, her reflection appears on the underside of the sea’s surface, creating an illusion of a mirror for divers. To place her carefully in site, Taylor had to develop a technique that involved lowering and assembling the work in smaller sections.

ocean bahamas“It was [created] using 3D scans and a layered mould,” Taylor wrote through email. “Once the individual sections were made, a series of interlocking keys ensured the pieces located themselves underwater. The challenge was to get each piece to not weigh more than 12 tons.” To aid marine navigation, he also affixed a solar light and flag to the sculpture’s apex.

Commissioned by the Bahamas Reef Environment Education Foundation in honor of its founder Sir Nicholas Nuttall, “Ocean Atlas” is part of an ongoing, environmentally friendly underwater sculpture garden that also includes works by local artists Willicey Tynes, Andret John, and Reefball. Its texture, designed to aid coral polyps to attach to its surface after spawning, encourages the colonization of reefs. Taylor intends for his work to draw tourists away from natural reef areas, which face environmental stresses from global warming, overfishing, and water pollution, among other threats.

“The aim was to show the vital role the local community and especially the younger generation have in conserving the islands’ natural resources,” Taylor wrote.

Previously, he has planted hundreds of underwater sculptures throughout the waters of the world that respond to environmental concerns and aim to relieve ocean stresses. His first and unprecedented underwater sculpture park was created in 2006, submerged off the coast of Grenada. Today, it features a ring of children holding hands, a man at work on his typewriter, and a still life of fruit. In 2009, he co-founded the Museo Subacuatico de Arte, home to over 500 of his sculptures, sprawled on the seabed off the coast of Cancun. “Ocean Atlas,” resting permanently in the waters of the Bahamas, represents a considerable increase in size from these previous works.


For the original report go to

People don’t take trips, trips take people –so said John Steinbeck, Nairobi’s haven for the business travellerthe famous American novelist and Nobel Prize winner. Imagine then a trip that takes you over pristine white waters and sandy beaches where you can go surfing, snorkeling or deep sea diving at the Coast and retire to dinner on a dhow and great seafood. Not a care for the sun? Try a safari game drive inland to the Maasai Mara where you can watch the famous wildebeest migration and go on a balloon safari that ends with a romantic dinner in the wild. Take a visit to one of the national conservancies or game reserves;enjoy a day out in the wild in the comfort of your five star hotel and mouth-watering meals.

Sounds exciting? That is the promise of Kenya’s tourism and wildlife – there is something for everyone.  If you arrive in Nairobi while it is still daylight, chances are you will get a personal welcome from a lone giraffe or gazelle idling over the Athi plains right next to the airport. Either that or a beautiful sunset over the city’s changing skyline, as you make you arrive at one of Africa’s gateway cities. It is for this that moguls like Richard Branson and Flavio Briatore have chosen to invest in the tourism market by opening lodges in the country. Britain’s Queen Elizabeth went up a tree a princess and came down as Queen at a lodge in Nyeri, Kenya and her grandson Prince William would pay a return visit and propose to his then girlfriend Kate Middleton in a rustic log cabin in Rutundu. So whether on business or leisure, Kenya offers a wide buffet for any visitor and is worth considering as an alternative holiday destination. Nairobi is a major hub for some of the world’s largest businesses and hosts several major United Nations organizations such as the United Nations Environment Program (UNEP), UN-Habitat and has the UN headquarters in Africa domiciled there. The Jomo Kenyatta International Airport (JKIA), the largest in East and Central Africa, serves as a major connection hub to Europe, the Middle East, Far East and the African continent. Kenya Airways, the national carrier has daily flights to Abuja and Lagos easing travel to the East African nation.

Beat the traffic and have your first meeting on Mombasa Road

Busy executives landing in Nairobi are spoilt for choice when it comes to accommodation and options for meeting places. Finding the traffic unbearable? Schedule your first meeting along Mombasa Road, which is the default route to the city from the airport. Try the Ole Sereni Hotel, which has a Safari outlook but its modern decor and minimalist effects will stay with you. Ole Sereni has various conference facilities and a business center equipped with everything you need to hold your formal meeting. Unwind at the Waterhole Snack bar for a sundowner and watch the sun set as you peer out into the luxury that is the Nairobi National Park – Africa’s only park within a cityscape.

Westlands – convenience, luxury and shopping

Westlands is a favourite with many travellers for its convenience to town and great nightspots. Many Nigerians favour the Sankara Hotel situated smack in the middle of Westlands for its great rooms, décor and that welcome feel. With favourable prices – in comparison to local costs of cocktails – one will easily toast to a successful business transaction at the Champagne Bar on the 7th Floor while you watch Nairobi come alive at night. Talk about living it up. Down the road is the very visible Villa Rosa Kempinski, one of the newer hotels that you can’t miss with its external pink decor. There’s nothing feminine about this hotel though, not its avant-garde taste in décor and style in the Kempinski spirit of things. If you favour Thai and Pan Asian Cuisine, this is the place where you mix business and fine cuisine. Sankara is a five-minute walk from the Sarit Centre mall that houses several banks, high-end stores and bookshops. It is about 20 minutes drive from the Village Market shopping centre, favoured by diplomats for its proximity to the UN.   Westlands is equally the heartbeat of Nairobi’s nightlife. Whether you simply want a quiet movie and coffee or want some action, you are spoilt for choice of nightclubs on this end of the city.

Get a feel of colonial relic at the Norfolk Hotel

Located within the Central Business District is the Norfolk Hotel, now managed by the Fairmont Group. The Norfolk remains one of the city’s most respected hotels particularly with those older and well heeled in society. Combining the history of yesteryears and modern décor, you will love the mingle at the Lord Delamare Terrace which overlooks the University of Nairobi and Kenya Cultural Centre which is currently being refurbished.

Fancy some quiet? Head upwards to Karen

Nairobi’s Karen represents the last of the colonial relic in terms of living spaces. This is changing and even the old KCs (Kenyan Cowboys – a term referring to third or fourth generation Whites) have begun seeking somewhere untouched. It is here that you will find the House of Waine – and if you want exclusive, this is your stop. House of Waine is not your typical go to meeting place for everyone, but a definite choice for those senior level meetings that are planned well in advance. The executive high back leather seats in the meeting rooms evoke a sense of seriousness, wheeler dealing and strategic conversations. You can’t just walk in for lunch at this family owned establishment but will certainly enjoy the hors d’oeuvres and other courses served in the dining area.

Steal away and have some fun in the city

Mix some pleasure on your trip and schedule meetings or conferencing to end early and take a sundowner drive around the Nairobi National Park on Langata Road. You will have to brave the Nairobi traffic on that road but the experience will be worth it. Finish the evening with dinner at the Carnivore Restaurant, which is only 5 minutes away, and indulge in all sorts of deliciously roasted meats until you signal defeat.

Fancy a cuppa – take your pick. Some of the world’s best coffee is grown in Kenya and its top graded quality beans win praise from baristas everywhere. Fancy a cuppa to see if it is that good? Drop in at any one of the coffee chains found around town and in all the major malls in Nairobi. Most popular is the Java, Artcaffee or Dorman’s Chain of coffee shops – Kenya’s answer to Starbucks. One can sit back and get a feel of the Nairobi vibe while enjoying a simply cuppa or a large meal if you fancy.

Experience the Rift Valley all within a day

The Great Rift Valley makes up one of the country’s physical features and can be accessed only an hour away from the capital Nairobi. Naivasha, home to many great festivals, has become a weekend getaway of choice because of its proximity to the capital. Think of the Lagos – Ibadan journey on well-tarmacked roads. Visit the Enashipai Resort and Spa for great conferencing and team building at the Entumo Conference Centre, which has a seating capacity of over 500 people. To unwind, schedule a visit to the Siyara Spa for some indulgence. Enashipai – a Maasai word meaning ‘place of happiness’ was built with luxury in mind and it has retained its status for this. Parents with children will love staying here because the facilities offer a host of children’s activities complete with a minder so it all leisure for adults.

Fall in love with Kenyan music

Yes, we easily ascribe to Nigeria’s music culture thanks to exposure, but Kenyan musicians easily make their mark when it comes to the International stage. Experience Blankets and Wine, a monthly musical fusion founded by the talented Muthoni Ndonga, aka The Drummer Queen. All you need is a blanket – we favour the red printed Maasai blanket, a bottle of wine, a picnic basket and some great company. Do not leave behind your dancing shoes. This December, head eastwards and give your family an African adventure to remember.

The most visited countries in Africa Posted on October 18, 2014 by admin AFRICANGLOBE – According to the World Tourism Organization, there were 55.7 million international tourists’ arrivals to Africa in the past year. Needless to say, Africa has really enjoyed a massive boost in the tourism industry. Let’s take a quick look at the countries that pulled in the most numbers.

Morocco - The most visited countries in Africa-moroccoMorocco, which saw about 10million tourist arrivals in 2013, is a beautiful country in North Africa that’s mountainous, has a lot of desert, and has both Atlantic and Mediterranean coastlines. Obviously, this country is already pretty diverse when it comes to nature so those who are into that sort of thing will definitely have a range of activities to engage in. Through the years, Morocco has seen several civilizations pass through, and each one has left its mark on the country, thus resulting in a very diverse culture. A visit to Morocco will expose you to amazing architecture, interesting music, and awesome food, among other things.

Africa-south-africaSouth Africa - The most visited countries in Africa-south-africaEverybody knows South Africa, right? But do you know how cultural diverse the country is? Or that it had 9.5 million tourist arrivals last year? That’s right! I don’t think I need to tell you how beautiful South Africa is. If you’ve never been you really should make plans to visit. Spend time taking in all the nature and culture the country has to offer, and enjoy several activities along the coastline which stretches along the South Atlantic and Indian Oceans.

Tunisia - The most visited countries in Africa-tunis cityThis is one country you hardly ever hear about, but somehow managed to land 6.2 million international tourist arrivals. Tunisia is Africa’s northernmost country and the smallest in the Maghreb region of Northern Africa. Why are tourists piling in to this seemingly unpopular country? It could be to enjoy the beaches, seeing as the country is bordered by the Mediterranean on two sides. But there are also Sahara dunes, mammoth ancient ruins and exotic cities that are home to a sprawling tangle of souks that a tourist would certainly delight in. Tunisia is also pretty rich in Roman and Arab culture, thanks to their history, which is definitely another plus.

Algeria - The most visited countries in Africa-AlgeriaYet another Northern country on the list is Africa’s largest, Algeria, which saw 2.7 million international tourist arrivals in the past year. The tourism industry in Algeria may still be growing, but the country still has a lot of amazing experiences to offer. You can enjoy museums in the capital, learn about the Spanish rule in Oran, take gorgeous pictures at Kabylia, or visit roman ruins in the northern part of the country. I’d say it’s somewhere one should visit at least once.

Mozambique - The most visited countries in Africa-MozambiqueUnfortunately, UNWTO did not state figures for 2013, but in 2012 our number five pulled in 2.1 million international tourists and we can assume they did much more last year. This South-Eastern country is bordered by the Indian Ocean to the east, and separated from Madagascar by the Mozambique Channel. A visit to Mozambique is sure to leave you with stunning memories of the gorgeous surroundings, a host of exciting activities, mouth-watering cuisine, heart-warming hospitality, and lush white sand beaches that give an air of paradise.

naomi-kingAfter 39 years, the sister-in-law of Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. breaks her silence. Mrs. Naomi Ruth Barber King has decided to share her personal stories. She is the widow of the late Rev. Dr. Alfred Daniel Williams King who is the younger brother of Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.  Rev. A.D. King was a formidable companion and confidant to his brother.  Mrs. King’s newly released book entitled, "A.D. and M.L. King…Two Brothers Who Dared to Dream," depicts the Civil Rights Movement in a rare collection that preserves the King Family Legacy.  

Mrs. King launched her book signing tour in Atlanta just
 this past July and later continued with her book signing at a private reception of community, business, and civic leaders in Chicago. Ms. King will engage the participants at book signings around the country abd beyond as she expounds on her life as the wife of an iconic Civil Rights leader. She is committed to illuminating the lives of these brothers with a vision, foot soldiers, husbands, fathers and leaders to ensure that “The Dream” is never forgotten. Upcoming booksignings to be announced.


This woman of grace and distinction is known as the “Butterfly Queen,” a metamorphosis that at the age of 82 brings her into the forefront of today’s turbulent social climate.  As Chairman Emeritus of the A.D King Foundation, Mrs. King worked to change an era of tension and mistrust between blacks and whites in America.  Now in 2014, our newspapers and television screens are filled with images of military tanks and rifles poised at innocent citizens protesting peacefully.  It is time to revisit the conversation and actualize the precepts of love, peace, equality and non-violence. 

ad-king-logoHer book  "A.D. and M.L. King… Two Brothers Who Dared to Dream" reflects on her life and the events that shaped the Civil Rights Movement, which were broadcast in black and white. Today in our current landscape, she sees similar images of the past now being broadcast in color. Mrs. King is moved to step forward to build a relevant dialogue that will empower and inspire our youth to retain hope, bridge the gap of turmoil and struggle and encourage people to live out their dreams.


Mrs. King wants to help our nation live by the principles of non-violence and love that her husband taught and lived by.  At this point we can begin to heal and celebrate our differences.  Almost four decades later, it is time to embrace our diversity by moving from division to unity, doubt to hope and from hate to love.  



Dr. Babs Onabanjo, co-founder and CEO of the Ad King Foundation, who helped her with the book is managing her book tour. For more information about book signings or to order the book, contact This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .


The A.D. King Foundation is a non-violent conflict resolution entity whose mission is to promote youth empowerment development and non-violent social change strategies as a way of life throughout the world.




760px-Recover-from-Chikungunya-Step-6With the cases of Chikungunya in the Caribbeans tooping half million, many people visiting the islands contracted the disease. Rod Fusco has offered some relief for recovery:

Chikungunya is a virus, transmitted to humans through the bite of an infected mosquito. The number one transmission agent for the disease is the yellow fever mosquito, an insect living in tropical areas like South America or Africa. There is no medication on the market to fight this virus -- instead, you address the symptoms and your body fights off the virus over time. If you or someone you know is suffering from Chikungunya, scroll to Step 1 to start understanding how the recovery process works.

The article proceeds to offer 13 helpful points on understanding the illness and recognizing and treating the symptoms, such aslooking for the symptoms in the acute phase; knowing the symptoms of the subacute phase; recognizing the chronic phase; knowing that in some cases, the disease can be asymptomatic; seeing a doctor and get the disease diagnosed; treating the fever and joint pains or arthritis with pain-relievers; doing short durations of mild exercise; using homeopathy; using acupressure; and understanding the disease mechanism; among many others. The solutions are fleshed out in the link below (with ample illustrations!).

Many thanks to Rod Fusco for this information.


65The 2014 Annual Pan African Trade 
and Investment Conference 
will be convened on
August 15 & 16, 2014 in Los Angeles, CA.
in collaboration with the
2014 International African Marketplace 
 & Business Expo 
and the 
Life and Times Magazine's 4th Annual Fiesta.
Our 2014 conference will feature trade exhibits, and business opportunity presentations and panels from representatives
of East and West Africa.
For more information contact our
Conference Coordinator, Al Washington at
626.243.3614 or visit our conference website:
His Excellency, Malam (Dr) Isa Yuguda, the Governor of Bauchi State of Nigeria has graciously accepted our invitation to participate in the Bauchi State - State of California Bilateral Foreign Direct Investment Summit and accept the Life and Times Award in Governance for 2014. He will personally travel with a delegation of business and trade commissioners to Los Angeles to participate in these events from August 14 - 16, 2014. Additional information about Governor Yuguda's visit and the Bauchi State/State of California Bilateral Foreign Direct Investment Summit can be obtained at our conference ebsite:

Call Your Congressman

to Support (Juneteenth) H.R. 632!

posted by National Juneteenth Observance Foundation (NJOF) 

Project 1619 
Sponsor for the NJOF
For a DONATION of $60.00 or more, we will send you a ticket to
attend the annual African Landing Commemoration Day Festival
Virginia Juneteenth Jazz & Heritage Reconciliation & Healing Concert
**** DONATE ****
We still have work to do to see JuneteenthIndependence Day
in America.
U.S. Capitol  
Please call your congressman or congresswoman and
tell them to support H.R. 632!
President Obama 
Call President Obama and tell him to issue a
the establishment of Juneteenth Independence Day
 as a National Day of Observance in America!

H.RES.632 -- Recognizing June 19, 2014, as this year's observance of the historical significance of Juneteenth Independence Day. (Introduced in House - IH)





2d Session


H. RES. 632


Recognizing June 19, 2014, as this year's observance of the historical significance of Juneteenth Independence Day.





June 19, 2014


Ms. JACKSON LEE (for herself, Mr. CONYERS, Mr. PAYNE, Ms. NORTON, Ms. MOORE, Ms. BROWN of Florida, Mr. CLAY, Mr. DAVID SCOTT of Georgia, Mr. BUTTERFIELD, Mr. BISHOP of Georgia, Mr. RANGEL, Ms. WATERS, Mr. DANNY K. DAVIS of Illinois, Ms. CLARKE of New York, Mr. NADLER, Ms. SEWELL of Alabama, Ms. FUDGE, Mr. THOMPSON of Mississippi, Mr. HASTINGS of Florida, Ms. MCCOLLUM, Mr. DOGGETT, Mr. VEASEY, Mr. COHEN, Ms. WILSON of Florida, Mr. LEWIS, Mr. CUMMINGS, Mr. CUELLAR, Mr. RUSH, Mr. CLYBURN, Mr. CROWLEY, Mr. CLEAVER, Mrs. BEATTY, Mr. MEEKS, Ms. DELAURO, Mr. COSTA, Mr. CARSON of Indiana, Mr. JEFFRIES, Mr. HORSFORD, Mr. KENNEDY, Ms. KELLY of Illinois, Mr. AL GREEN of Texas, Ms. LEE of California, Ms. KAPTUR, Ms. HAHN, and Mr. NOLAN) submitted the following resolution; which was referred to the Committee on Oversight and Government Reform





Recognizing June 19, 2014, as this year's observance of the historical significance of Juneteenth Independence Day.


Whereas news of the end of slavery did not reach frontier areas of the United States, and in particular the Southwestern States, for more than 2 1/2 years after President Lincoln's Emancipation Proclamation, which was issued on January 1, 1863, and months after the conclusion of the Civil War;


Whereas on June 19, 1865, Union soldiers led by Major General Gordon Granger arrived in Galveston, Texas, with news that the Civil War had ended and that the enslaved were free;


Whereas African-Americans who had been slaves in the Southwest celebrated June 19th, commonly known as 'Juneteenth Independence Day', as the anniversary of their emancipation;


Whereas African-Americans from the Southwest continue the tradition of celebrating Juneteenth Independence Day as inspiration and encouragement for future generations;


Whereas for more than 145 years, Juneteenth Independence Daycelebrations have been held to honor African-American freedom while encouraging self-development and respect for all cultures; and


Whereas the faith and strength of character demonstrated by former slaves remains an example for all people of the United States, regardless of background, religion, or race: Now, therefore, be it


Resolved, That--


(1) the House of Representatives--


(A) recognizes the historical significance of Juneteenth 

Independence Day to the Nation;


(B) supports the continued celebration of Juneteenth 

Independence Day to provide an opportunity for the people of the United States to learn more about the past and to better understand the experiences that have shaped the Nation; and


(C) encourages the people of the United States to observeJuneteenth Independence Day with appropriate ceremonies, activities, and programs; and


(2) it is the sense of the House of Representatives that--


(A) the celebration of the end of slavery is an important and enriching part of the history and heritage of the United States; and


(B) history should be regarded as a means for understanding the past and solving the challenges of the future.


Unesco-300x228Heritage List. Okavango was inscribed as a natural site by the World Heritage Committee, which is meeting in Doha (Qatar) under the Chair of Sheikha Al Mayassa Bint Hamad Bin Khalifa Al Thani.

The Committee also inscribed sites in France, Israel, Italy,Turkey and the United States thisafternoon. The List now totals 1001 properties. The new sites, are:

Okavango Delta (Botswana). This delta in northwest Botswana comprises permanent marshlands and seasonally flooded plains. It is one of the very few major interior delta systems that do not flow into a sea or ocean, with a wetland system that is almost intact. One of the unique characteristics of the site is that the annual flooding from the river Okavango occurs during the dry season, with the result that the native plants and animals have synchronised their biological cycles with these seasonal rains and floods. It is an exceptional example of the interaction between climatic, hydrological and biological processes. The Okavango delta is home to some of the world’s most endangered species of large mammal, such as the cheetah, white rhinoceros, black rhinoceros, African wild dog and lion.

Decorated Cave of Pont d’Arc, known as Grotte Chauvet-Pont d’Arc, Ardeche (France). Located in a limestone plateau of the Ardeche River in southern France, the property contains the earliest known and best preserved figurative drawings in the world, dating back as early as the Aurignacian period (30,000 to 32,000 BP), making it an exceptional testimony of prehistoric art. The cave was closed off by a rock fall approximately 20,000 years BP and remained sealed until its discovery in 1994, which helped keep it in pristine condition. Over 1,000 images have so far been inventoried on its walls, combining a variety of anthropomorphic and animal motifs. They are of exceptional aesthetic quality, demonstrate a range of techniques, including the skillful use of colour, combinations of paint and engraving, anatomical precision, three-dimensionality and movement. They include several dangerous animal species difficult to observe at that time, such as mammoths, bears, wildcats, rhinos, bison and aurochs, as well as 4,000 inventoried remains of prehistoric fauna, and a variety of human footprints. A replica of the cave is under construction, and is due to open in April 2015.

Caves of Maresha and Bet Guvrin in the Judean Lowlands as a Microcosm of the Land of the Caves (Israel). This “city under a city” is characterized by a selection of man-made caves, excavated from the thick and homogenous layer of soft chalk in Lower Judea. It includes chambers and networks with varied forms and functions, situated below the ancient twin towns of Maresha and Bet Guvrin, that bear witness to a succession of historical periods of excavation and usage stretching over 2,000 years, from the Iron Age to the Crusades, as well as a great variety of subterranean construction methods. The original excavations were quarries, but these were converted for various agricultural and local craft industry purposes, including oil presses, columbaria (dovecotes), stables, underground cisterns and channels, baths, tomb complexes and places of worship , and hiding places during troubled times.

Vineyard Landscape of Piedmont: Langhe-Roero and Monferrato (Italy) covers five distinct wine-growing areas with outstanding landscapes and the Castle of Cavour, an emblematic name both in the development of vineyards and in Italian history. It is located in the southern part of Piedmont, between the Po River and the Ligurian Appenines, and encompasses the whole range of technical and economic processes relating to the winegrowing and wine making that has characterized the region for centuries. Vine pollen has been found in the area dating from the 5th century BC, when Piedmont was a place of contact and trade between the Etruscans and the Celts; Etruscan and Celtic words , particularly wine-related ones, are still found in the local dialect. During the Roman Empire, Pliny the Elder mentions the Piedmont region as being one of the most favourable for growing vines in ancient Italy; Strabo mentions its barrels.

Bursa and Cumalıkızık: The Birth of the Ottoman Empire (Turkey) is a serial nomination of eight component sites in the City of Bursa and the nearby village of Cumalıkızık, in the southern Marmara Region. The site illustrates the creation of an urban and rural system establishing the Ottoman Empire in the early 14th century. The property illustrates key functions of the social and economic organization of the new capital which evolved around a new civic centre. These include commercial districts of khans, kulliyes (religious institutions) integrating mosques, religious schools, public baths and a kitchen for the poor as well as the tomb of Orhan Ghazi, the founder of the Ottoman dynasty. One component outside the historic centre of Bursa is the village of Cumalıkızık, the only rural village of this system to show the provision of hinterland support for the capital.

Pergamon and its Multi-Layered Cultural Landscape (Turkey) rises high above the Bakirçay Plain in Turkey’s Aegean region. The acropolis of Pergamon was the capital of the Hellenistic Attalid Dynasty, a major centre of learning in the ancient world. Monumental temples, theatres, stoa or porticos, gymnasium, altar and library were set into the sloping terrain surrounded by an extensive city wall. The rock-cut Kybele Sanctuary lies to the north-west on another hill visually linked to the acropolis. Later the city became capital of the Roman province of Asia known for its Asclepieion healing centre. The acropolis crowns a landscape containing burial mounds and remains of the Roman, Byzantine and Ottoman empires in and around the modern town of Bergama on the lower slopes.

Monumental earthworks of Poverty Point (United States of America) owes its name to a 19th century plantation close to the site. It is located in the Lower Mississippi Valley on a slightly elevated and narrow landform. The complex comprises five mounds, six concentric semi-elliptical ridges separated by shallow depressions and a central plaza. It was created and used for residential and ceremonial purposes by a society of hunter fisher-gatherers between 3,700 and 3,100 B.C. Research has not clarified yet whether the complex had a steady residential function or was a campground occupied temporarily during ceremonies of trading fairs. It is a remarkable achievement in earthen construction in North America that was not surpassed for at least 2,000 years.


nigeria SUPPORTERS-CLUB-300x200

Nigeria’s supporters cheer during a world cup qualifying playoff second leg against Ethiopia at U. J. Esuene Stadium, in Calabar, Nigeria on Nov. 16, 2013

Nigeria can make a strong case for recognition as the most soccer-crazed country in the world. In recent surveys, the most populous nation in Africa, with the continent’s largest economy, shows an unparalleled interest and participation in the sport. And Nigeria’s World Cup TV ratings would count as dazzling by the standards of the U.S.

According to a 2013 poll by market researcher Repucom, 83 percent of Nigerians report interest in soccer and 65 percent play the sport. Both results put Nigeria atop the 33 nations polled. The U.S., by comparison, has 27 percent interest and 10 percent participation. Here are the top 15 nations by soccer interest:

Soccer Love by Country 2Repucom surveyed a sample of 1,000 people in each market between the ages of 16 and 69. In Nigeria, surveys were conducted in person. To gauge soccer participation, Repucom spoke only with adults who play any kind of sport at least once a week. In Nigeria, that’s 37 percent of the larger population—meaning that the overall participation rate in soccer is 24 percent. Below are the top 15 nations by participation:

“Nigeria is a football crazy nation,” says Mike Wragg, Repucom’s global head of research. Unlike most large countries, Wragg says, the sport has no real rival. “There isn’t a second sport, like baseball or basketball, that has any kind of tradition at all.”

During the national team’s first World Cup match against Iran on Monday, 17.5 million Nigerians over the age of 15 tuned in to watch, according to surveys by GeoPoll, a Denver company that offers overnight audience measurement in Ghana, Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda, and Nigeria. Every four hours, GeoPoll asks a sample of Nigerians about their recent TV viewing via text message. The company polls from a panel of more than 2,000 regular media consumers.

Soccer Love by Country 1Max Richman, GeoPoll’s chief data scientist, says roughly 73 percent of Nigeria’s over-15 population of 100 million watches TV at least once a month. That means nearly a quarter of all adult TV viewers in Nigeria tuned into the World Cup match on Monday at 8 p.m. local time.

In the U.S. the first national team match drew a combined audience of 15.9 million on ESPN and Univision. That number, which includes all viewers over the age of 2, was considered cause for celebration. And Nigeria has a total population (177 million) a little more than half as big as the U.S. (316 million).

Repucom’s Wragg says soccer is a key factor uniting Nigeria, a country with more than 250 ethnic groups and an almost even split between Muslims and Christians. “Whatever the political situation is in Nigeria,” says Wragg, “the one thing that everybody can get behind is the national football team.”

Still, there’s a vocal minority of Islamic extremists who view the sport as a Western decadence. At a public screening in the northern city of Damaturu of the World Cup match between Brazil and Mexico on Tuesday, at least 21 people were killed by a suicide bomber. Such screenings have been banned because of threats by Boko Haram, the same terrorist group responsible for the kidnapping of 276 teenage girls in April.

Still, Nigerians come out to watch. “We just hope that it does not get us,” one Nigerian soccer fan told the BBC, “but it is not enough to make people stop going to viewing centers.”

Source ATQ News



Amount of short articles:

Amount of articles links:

You can order sections with dragging on list bellow:

  • News